Kubernetes学习之路(26)之kubeasz+ansible部署集群

By | 2021年7月6日
目录
[隐藏]

学习文档:https://github.com/gjmzj/kubeasz/

 

1、环境说明

IP 主机名 角色 虚拟机配置
192.168.56.11 k8s-master deploy、master1、lb1、etcd 4c4g
192.168.56.12 k8s-master2 master2、lb2 4c4g
192.168.56.13 k8s-node01 etcd、node 2c2g
192.168.56.14 k8s-node02 etcd、node 2c2g
192.168.56.110 vip
系统内核 3.10 docker版本 18.09
k8s版本 1.13 etcd版本 3.0

2、准备工作

  • 四台机器,全部执行:
yum install -y epel-release
yum update -y 
yum install python -y
  • deploy节点安装ansible并配置密钥认证
yum install -y ansible
ssh-keygen
for ip in 11 12 13 14;do ssh-copy-id 192.168.56.$ip;done
  • deploy节点编排K8S
[root@k8s-master ~]# git clone https://github.com/gjmzj/kubeasz.git
[root@k8s-master ~]# mv kubeasz/* /etc/ansible/

从百度云网盘下载二进制文件 https://pan.baidu.com/s/1c4RFaA#list/path=%2F
可以根据自己所需版本,下载对应的tar包,这里我下载1.13
经过一番折腾,最终把k8s.1-13-5.tar.gz的tar包放到了depoly上

[root@k8s-master ~]# tar -zxf k8s.1-13-5.tar.gz 
[root@k8s-master ~]# mv bin/* /etc/ansible/bin/
  • 配置集群参数
[root@k8s-master ~]# cd /etc/ansible/
[root@k8s-master ansible]# cp example/hosts.m-masters.example hosts
cp: overwrite ‘hosts’? y
[root@k8s-master ansible]# vim hosts  #根据实际情况的ip进行更改
[deploy]
192.168.56.11 NTP_ENABLED=no	#设置集群是否安装 chrony 时间同步

[etcd]	#etcd集群请提供如下NODE_NAME,注意etcd集群必须是1,3,5,7...奇数个节点
192.168.56.11 NODE_NAME=etcd1
192.168.56.13 NODE_NAME=etcd2
192.168.56.14 NODE_NAME=etcd3

[kube-master]
192.168.56.11
192.168.56.12

[kube-node]
192.168.56.13
192.168.56.14

[lb]	# 负载均衡(目前已支持多于2节点,一般2节点就够了) 安装 haproxy+keepalived
192.168.56.12 LB_ROLE=backup
192.168.56.11 LB_ROLE=master

## 集群 MASTER IP即 LB节点VIP地址,为区别与默认apiserver端口,设置VIP监听的服务端口8443
# 公有云上请使用云负载均衡内网地址和监听端口
[all:vars]
DEPLOY_MODE=multi-master
MASTER_IP="192.168.56.110"	#设置vip
KUBE_APISERVER="https://{{ MASTER_IP }}:8443"
CLUSTER_NETWORK="flannel"
SERVICE_CIDR="10.68.0.0/16"
CLUSTER_CIDR="172.20.0.0/16"
NODE_PORT_RANGE="20000-40000"
CLUSTER_KUBERNETES_SVC_IP="10.68.0.1"
CLUSTER_DNS_SVC_IP="10.68.0.2"
CLUSTER_DNS_DOMAIN="cluster.local."
bin_dir="/opt/kube/bin"
ca_dir="/etc/kubernetes/ssl"
base_dir="/etc/ansible"

#修改完成后,测试hosts
[root@k8s-master ansible]# ansible all -m ping
192.168.56.12 | SUCCESS => {
    "changed": false, 
    "ping": "pong"
}
192.168.56.13 | SUCCESS => {
    "changed": false, 
    "ping": "pong"
}
192.168.56.14 | SUCCESS => {
    "changed": false, 
    "ping": "pong"
}
192.168.56.11 | SUCCESS => {
    "changed": false, 
    "ping": "pong"
}

3、分步骤安装

3.1、创建证书和安装准备

[root@k8s-master ansible]# ansible-playbook 01.prepare.yml 

3.2、安装etcd集群

[root@k8s-master ansible]# ansible-playbook 02.etcd.yml
[root@k8s-master ansible]# bash

#验证etcd集群状态
[root@k8s-master ansible]# systemctl status etcd

#在任一 etcd 集群节点上执行如下命令
[root@k8s-master ansible]# for ip in 11 13 14;do ETCDCTL_API=3 etcdctl --endpoints=https://192.168.56.$ip:2379 --cacert=/etc/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem --cert=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem --key=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem endpoint health;done
https://192.168.56.11:2379 is healthy: successfully committed proposal: took = 7.967375ms
https://192.168.56.13:2379 is healthy: successfully committed proposal: took = 12.557643ms
https://192.168.56.14:2379 is healthy: successfully committed proposal: took = 9.70078ms

3.3、安装docker

[root@k8s-master ansible]# ansible-playbook 03.docker.yml

3.4、安装master节点

[root@k8s-master ansible]# ansible-playbook 04.kube-master.yml 

#查看进程状态
[root@k8s-master ansible]# systemctl status kube-apiserver
[root@k8s-master ansible]# systemctl status kube-controller-manager
[root@k8s-master ansible]# systemctl status kube-scheduler
[root@k8s-master ansible]# kubectl get componentstatus	#查看集群状态
NAME                 STATUS    MESSAGE             ERROR
scheduler            Healthy   ok                  
controller-manager   Healthy   ok                  
etcd-0               Healthy   {"health":"true"}   
etcd-1               Healthy   {"health":"true"}   
etcd-2               Healthy   {"health":"true"}   

3.5、安装node节点

[root@k8s-master ansible]# ansible-playbook 05.kube-node.yml
[root@k8s-master ansible]# systemctl status kubelet
[root@k8s-master ansible]# systemctl status kube-proxy
[root@k8s-master ansible]# kubectl get nodes
NAME            STATUS                     ROLES    AGE     VERSION
192.168.56.11   Ready,SchedulingDisabled   master   6m56s   v1.13.5
192.168.56.12   Ready,SchedulingDisabled   master   6m57s   v1.13.5
192.168.56.13   Ready                      node     40s     v1.13.5
192.168.56.14   Ready                      node     40s     v1.13.5

3.6、部署集群网络

[root@k8s-master ansible]# ansible-playbook 06.network.yml 
[root@k8s-master ansible]# kubectl get pod -n kube-system	#查看flannel相关pod
NAME                          READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
kube-flannel-ds-amd64-856rg   1/1     Running   0          115s
kube-flannel-ds-amd64-j4542   1/1     Running   0          115s
kube-flannel-ds-amd64-q9cmh   1/1     Running   0          115s
kube-flannel-ds-amd64-rhg66   1/1     Running   0          115s

3.7、部署集群插件(dns,dashboard)

[root@k8s-master ansible]# ansible-playbook 07.cluster-addon.yml 

[root@k8s-master ansible]# kubectl get svc -n kube-system	#查看服务
NAME                   TYPE        CLUSTER-IP     EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)                  AGE
heapster               ClusterIP   10.68.29.48    <none>        80/TCP                   64s
kube-dns               ClusterIP   10.68.0.2      <none>        53/UDP,53/TCP,9153/TCP   71s
kubernetes-dashboard   NodePort    10.68.117.7    <none>        443:24190/TCP            64s
metrics-server         ClusterIP   10.68.107.56   <none>        443/TCP                  69s

[root@k8s-master ansible]# kubectl cluster-info	#查看集群信息
Kubernetes master is running at https://192.168.56.110:8443
CoreDNS is running at https://192.168.56.110:8443/api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/services/kube-dns:dns/proxy
kubernetes-dashboard is running at https://192.168.56.110:8443/api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/services/https:kubernetes-dashboard:/proxy

To further debug and diagnose cluster problems, use 'kubectl cluster-info dump'.

[root@k8s-master ansible]# kubectl top node		#查看节点资源使用率
NAME            CPU(cores)   CPU%   MEMORY(bytes)   MEMORY%   
192.168.56.11   523m         13%    2345Mi          76%       
192.168.56.12   582m         15%    1355Mi          44%       
192.168.56.13   182m         10%    791Mi           70%       
192.168.56.14   205m         11%    804Mi           71%       

一步ansible安装k8s集群命令如下:

ansible-playbook 90.setup.yml

3.8、测试DNS解析

[root@k8s-master ansible]# kubectl run nginx --image=nginx --expose --port=80
[root@k8s-master ansible]# kubectl run busybox --rm -it --image=busybox /bin/sh
/ # nslookup nginx.default.svc.cluster.local
Server:		10.68.0.2
Address:	10.68.0.2:53

Name:	nginx.default.svc.cluster.local
Address: 10.68.149.79

发表评论

您的电子邮箱地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注