使用yum时rpmdb open failed解决方案

By | 2018年5月7日

1、前提条件:安装软件包的时候,被我手动终止了
[root@dhcp yum.repos.d]# yum clean all
rpmdb: Thread/process 4541/140619363587840 failed: Thread died in Berkeley DB library
error: db3 error(-30974) from dbenv->failchk: DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run database recovery
error: cannot open Packages index using db3 –  (-30974)
error: cannot open Packages database in /var/lib/rpm
CRITICAL:yum.main:
Error: rpmdb open failed
[root@dhcp yum.repos.d]# yum makecache
rpmdb: Thread/process 4541/140619363587840 failed: Thread died in Berkeley DB library
error: db3 error(-30974) from dbenv->failchk: DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run database recovery
error: cannot open Packages index using db3 –  (-30974)
error: cannot open Packages database in /var/lib/rpm
CRITICAL:yum.main:

2、根据提示可以知道rpm数据库被损坏,如是按照下面的方法进行重建
[root@dhcp yum.repos.d]# cd /var/lib/rpm/
[root@dhcp rpm]# ls
Basenames     __db.004     Name            Pubkeys         Triggername
Conflictname  Dirnames     Obsoletename    Requirename
__db.001      Filedigests  Packages        Requireversion
__db.002      Group        Providename     Sha1header
__db.003      Installtid   Provideversion  Sigmd5
[root@dhcp rpm]# rm __db.* -rf
[root@dhcp rpm]# rpm –rebuilddb

[root@dhcp rpm]# yum clean all
Loaded plugins: aliases, changelog, downloadonly, kabi, presto, product-id,
             : refresh-packagekit, security, subscription-manager, tmprepo,
             : verify, versionlock
Updating certificate-based repositories.
Unable to read consumer identity
Loading support for Red Hat kernel ABI
Cleaning repos: rhel-source
Cleaning up Everything
0 delta-package files removed, by presto
[root@dhcp rpm]# yum update
Loaded plugins: aliases, changelog, downloadonly, kabi, presto, product-id,
             : refresh-packagekit, security, subscription-manager, tmprepo,
             : verify, versionlock
Updating certificate-based repositories.
Unable to read consumer identity
Loading support for Red Hat kernel ABI
rhel-source                                                | 4.0 kB     00:00 …
rhel-source/primary_db                                     | 3.1 MB     00:00 …
Setting up Update Process
No Packages marked for Update

Category: os

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